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Explorers: A Collection of Essays by Fourth Grade

2017-2018

Sacred Heart Catholic School

Written and Illustrated By:

Clay Arnn

Gavin Glover

David Gomez

Beckham Hash

Aiden Huggins

Emily Hylton

Nicholas Kania

Sophia Lule

Gavin Maxey

Allison Murphy

Miley Murphy

Donnovan Perez

Anthony Ruocco

Nathan Shuford

Karen Uriostegui Panuco

Liliana Vega



Table of Contents

Cabeza de Vaca by Clay Arnn

Amerigo Vespucci by Gavin Glover

Ferdinand Magellan by David Gomez

Daniel Boon by Beckham Hash

Samuel de Champlain by Aiden Huggins

John Cabot by Emily Hylton

Christopher Columbus by Nicholas Kania

Marco Polo by Sophia Lule

Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon by Gavin Maxey

Sir Walter Raleigh by Allison Murphy

Jacques Cartier by Miley Murphy

Hernan Cortes by Donnovan Perez

Francisco Coronado by Anthony Ruocco

Vasco de Balboa by Nathan Shuford

Juan Ponce De Leon by Karen Uriostegui Panuco

Sacagawea by Liliana Vega




Clay Arnn: Meet Cabeza de Vaca



Cabeza de Vaca was born in 1490 in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain.

He died in around 1559. His father’s name is Francisco Nunez de Vera. His mother’s name is Teresa Cabeza de Vaca y de Zurita.

We remember Cabeza de Vaca because he explored some of North America. He made a big difference in American history although he got here from a shipwreck. De Vaca was one of four men out of six hundred people that survived and was captured, but later escaped and eventually reached Mexico City. He was a treasurer, and hence, one of the chief officers of the Narvaez expedition. he, Moorish former slave Esevanico. Andres de Dorantes and Alonso Del Castillo Maldonado, were the only survivors.

So we remember him because he explored North America and made a big part in history.




Gavin Glover: meet Amerigo the explorer


Amerigo Vespucci was born on March 9th in Florence, Italy 1454 and died on February 22, 1512. His Parents were ser Nastigio and Lisabetta mini who knew the Medici family who was ruling Italy at the time. In his early 20’s he went to Paris, France for a diplomatic mission and then he fell in love with exploration. He moved to Spain and started a banking business and got a became quite wealthy and soon became a citizen of Spain in 1505 and once in his 40’s he decided to become an explorer and left for his first voyage.

We remember Amerigo Vespucci for the possibility of him being the one to have discovered America instead of Cristopher Columbus. Even if he didn’t discover America he was the one who announced that America was not Asia and that it was an entirely new continent itself.

Like said earlier Amerigo Vespucci explored America but he explored South America and not the North. The reason he did go to America is that he had met Christopher Columbus and learned how he had said it was Asia; he was in disbelief and decided to find out for himself. He had gone on a total of four voyages or possibly six. On his first voyage, he left from Cadiz, Spain on May 10th, 1497 and went to South America. There is speculation about if the letter from the voyage is real or not because of geographical reason that slipped past people at the time but if it is real he ventured through the West Indies but sighted no islands in the area and landed somewhere in Central America and coming back discovered an island called Lti which may have been Bermuda but we’re not sure because Bermuda was not populated at the time.

He then in 1499 went on a second voyage which has more proof than the other because he had learned mathematics and also of course had some experience from his first voyage. He and his men went to the Cape Verde Islands and cape Santo Agostino. Close to Brazil, he went westward past the Maracaibo gulf and possibly may have discovered the mouth of the Amazon River and thus made this the first voyage to touch Brazil and go past the equator in the new world.

Another two years later in 1501, he went on his most important voyage yet for King Manuel 1st to go to Brazil. Vespucci had already been on the coast of Brazil so he decided to go. At first, he was a mere observer but he gained command of the voyage from the Portuguese officers. In the voyage, he went to the South American coast and to cape Sao Roque to Patagonia. He then made important discoveries in Guanabara Bay or called Rio de la Plata and they appeared on maps as the Rio Jordan and while coming back from the voyage they discovered Sierra Leon and the Azores. During the voyage, Amerigo sent a letter to Florence, Italy a letter calling south America Mundas Novus or translated to English, the new world. Amerigo then went on his final voyage for Portugal again to Brazil but the voyage ended in failure. They didn’t discover any places and the commanding ship disappeared and Amerigo barely passed Bahia when he decided to leave and go back to Lisbon, Portugal and he never sailed again.

In his days as a retired explorer, he became a pilot major. Teaching others about piloting and teach them to record data in the new world. This piloting is not with airplanes which didn’t exist in Amerigo’s timeline and became pilot major as in sailing. Amerigo died on February 22, 1512.

Amerigo’s legacy is very large being the one announcing that the new world was not part of Asia but a whole new continent itself. America came to be named after him by scholars at St-die in Lorraine. They wrote a book on geography called casmographaie introductio with one of the authors giving the name America in honor Amerigo Vespucci and the name stuck and it became the official name of the new world.



David Gomez: Ferdinand Magellan the Explorer

Ferdinand Magellan was born in Portugal in 1480. He traveled from Portugal to East Africa so he could escape the battle of Diu. He was successful to make it to East Africa. He traveled with no one when he went to East Africa he landed on an island called Spice Island.

Cristopher Columbus and Vasco Nunez de Balboa had paved the way, but such a voyage would give the Spanish open access to the Spice Island without having to travel across areas controlled by Portuguese.

Ferdinand found himself in the battle of Diu, in which the Portuguese destroyed Egyptian ships in the Arabian Sea.

Two years later after the battle, he explored Malacca, located in present-day Malaysia, and participated in the conquest of Malacca’s port. It was there that he acquired a Native Servant he named Enrique.

He died by a poison arrow in a battle, Enrique found out he wasn’t going to be free.



Beckham Hash: Meet Daniel Boone the Explorer

Daniel Boone was born November 2, 1734, in a log cabin in Exeter Township near Reading, Pennsylvania. His father, Squire Boone Sr. was a Quaker blacksmith and weaver who met his wife, Sarah Morgan, in Pennsylvania after he left England. Daniel, the couple’s sixth kid, received little formal education. Daniel learned how to read from his mother, and his father taught him wildness skills. At twelve he was given his first rifle. Quickly he proved himself a talented woodsman and hunter, shooting his first bear when most children his age were too scared. At the age of fifteen, he moved with his family to Rowan County, North Carolina, on the Yadkin River, where he started his own hunting businesses.

In 1755, Boone left home on an expedition for the military that was part of the French and Indian war. He served as a wagoner for Brigadier General Edward Braddock during the army’s calamitous defeat at Turtle Creek, near modern-day Pittsburgh. A skilled survivor, Daniel Boone saved his own life by escaping the French and Indian attack on horseback.

The main thing he did was guide people through the Cumberland Gap and the story is in May 1769, Boone led an expedition with John Finley, a teamster Boone had marched within the French and Indian war and four other men. Under Boone’s leadership, the team of explorers discovered a trail to the far west through the Cumberland Gap. The trails become the means by which the settlers would access the frontier. Boone took his discovery further in April 1755: while working for Richard Henderson’s Transylvania Company he directed colonists to an area in Kentucky he called Boonesborough. He set up the fort to claim the settlement from the Indians. That same year he brought his family west to live in the settlement and became its leader.

Local Shawnee and Cherokee tribes met Boone’s settlement in Kentucky land with resistances, but in July 1776 kidnapped Boone’s daughter Jemima. Eventually, he was able to get his daughter released. The next year, Boone was shot in the ankle during an Indian attack, but he recovered quickly. Boone himself was captured in 1778. He managed to escape and resume protecting his land settlement, but he was robbed of settlers’ money while on the way to buy land permits. The settlers were furious with Boone and demand he repays a debt to some of them; some even sued. By 1788, Boone left the Kentucky settlement he had work so hard to protect and relocate to Point Pleasant, which now West Virginia. After serving as a lieutenant colonel and legislative of his country there, Boone pulled up stakes and moved to Missouri, where he continued to hunt for the rest of his life. He died on September 26, 1820, from natural causes.



Aiden: Meet Samuel de Champlain the Explorer

Samuel de Champlain was born on August 13, 1574, and died on December 25, 1635. He got the nickname “The Father of New France”. Samuel was a French navigator, cartographer, draftsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He is best known for establishing Quebec. Samuel wrote about all of his travels in his later life. Although little is known about his life we still know where he traveled because of the books of his voyages. His earliest travels were with his uncle he ventured as far as Spain and the West Indies.

From 1601 to 1603, he was a geographer for King Henry IV, and the joined François Gravé Du Pont's expiation to Canada in 1603. The group sailed up the St. Lawrence and Sanguinary rivers and explored the Gaspé Peninsula.

Given his usefulness on Du Pont’s voyage, the following year he became a geographer on an expedition to Acadia led by Lieutenant-General Pierre Du Gua de Monts. They landed in May on the southeast coast of what is now Nova Scotia and Champlain was asked to choose a location for a temporary settlement. He explored the Bay of Fundy and St. In 1608.

Champlain was named Lieutenant to de Monts, and they set off on another expedition up the St. Lawrence. When they arrived in June 1608, they constructed a fort in what is now Quebec City. Quebec would soon become the hub for French fur trading. The following summer, Champlain fought the first major battle against the Iroquois, cementing a hostile relationship that would last for more than a century. In 1615, Champlain made a brave voyage into the interior of Canada accompanied by a tribe of Native Americans with whom he had good relations, the Hurons. Champlain and the French aided the Hurons in an attack on the Iroquois, but they lost the battle and Champlain was hit in the knee with an arrow and unable to walk. He lived with the Hurons that winter, between the foot of Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe. During his stay, he composed one of the earliest and most detailed accounts of Native American life.

When Champlain returned to France, he found himself embroiled in lawsuits and was unable to return to Quebec. He spent his time writing about his voyages complete with map and illustrations. When he was reinstated as the lieutenant, he returned to Canada with his wife, who was 30 years, his junior. In 1627, Louis XIII's chief minister, Cardinal de Richelieu, formed the Company of 100 Associates to rule New France and placed Champlain in charge.

Things didn’t go so smoothly for long. Eager to capitalize on the profitable fur trade in the region, Charles I of England commissioned an expedition under David Kirke to displace the French. They attacked the fort and seize supply ships, cutting off necessities to the colony. Champlain surrendered on July 19, 1629, and returned to France.

Champlain spent some time writing about his travels until, in 1632, the British and the French signed the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, returning Quebec to the French. Champlain returned to be its governor. By this time, however, his health was failing and he was forced to retire in 1633. He died in Quebec on Christmas day in 1635.




Emily Hilton: Meet John Cabot the Explorer

The explorer, John Cabot lived in the 1400’s. He was born in Italy around 1450. John died shortly after the fall of 1498. John Cabot was best known for his travels to Asia, Newfoundland, and Cape Briton Island in modern-day eastern Canada on June 24, 1497.

We remember John Cabot for seeking new land in Newfound-land, or Cape Briton Island in modern-day eastern Canada on June 24, 1497. He traveled with his son Sebastian and seventeen other crew members. They left to find new land.

John left Italy to escape debt that occurred in Italy. He traveled to England with his family. He started planning to forage to find new land. On his travel, he founded new land in modern-day eastern Canada. They were very successful.

Later in his life, the king of England sent him and 300 men to find new land for England. They were unsuccessful. John Cabot died shortly after they returned back to England.

He may have found more land if he had had the devices we have today. John Cabot was an important figure in our history.



Nicholas Kania: Meet Christopher Columbus the Explorer

Cristopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in1451. He moved to Lisbon where he worked as a trader. He and his brother knew there were great riches to be found in China. He thought walking to Asia was too dangerous. He also though a journey around Africa was too long so he thought he could get there by crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

We remember him for finding the Americas. He thought the Earth was much smaller than it is. Before his voyage, he worked as a trader. He tried to convince many people to pay for his voyage finally the king and queen of Spain to pay for his trip.

He traveled to China for great riches. He took 90 men on three ships named the Nina, the Pinta, and Santa Maria. He landed somewhere near the Bahamas and named the people there Indians because he thought he was in India. On the way back to Spain the Santa Maria broke down. In May 1506 he became ill and died. Now you know why Christopher Columbus is a big deal in history.



Sophia Lule: Meet Marco Polo the Explorer

Marco Polo was merchant and explorer, who traveled throughout the Far East and China for much of his life. His stories were the basis for much of Europe knew about Ancient China for many years. He lived from 1254 to 1325. It took 3 years for him to get to China.

Most people remember him for the game “Marco Polo”. But that’s not the only reason we remember him. We mostly remember him because he was a merchant and explorer who traveled throughout the Far East and China for money.

He traveled to China, Brazil, and Africa for much of his life when he was in kindergarten. So he did not have any friends for his whole life until he died.

I know that he was a merchant and explore, who traveled throughout the Far East. He died when he was 71 years old.



Gavin Maxey: Meet Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon the Explorer

Lucas Vazquez was born in 1475 in Toledo, Spain. He was a Spanish explorer who was the first European colonizer of present-day North Carolina.

Vazquez traveled to the West Indies in 1502. Then he traveled all of the way from the West Indies to Hispaniola! He became a colonial judge while in Hispaniola and then he traveled to Mexico in 1520 to mediate the dispute between Spanish commanders Hernan Cortes and Diego Velazquez. An expedition sent by him under the command of Francisco Gordillo made a landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina in 1522 an in 1523 Ayllon was authorized by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to explore that area especially to find a strait to the Spice Islands. In the early summer of 1526, Ayllon sailed from Hispaniola to found a settlement called San Miguel de Guadalupe, probably at the mouth of the Pee-dee River in South Carolina. The colony was abandoned a few months later, and Ayllon and many others had died in a fever epidemic.



Allison Murphy: Meet Sir Walter Raleigh the Explorer

Sir Walter Raleigh was born in Devon, England in 1552. He grew up in a village in Eastern Budleigh. At the age of 17, Sir Walter Raleigh left England and fought the Huguenots in France. Sir Walter Raleigh was a soldier and writer he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I in 1585. He died on October 29, 1618.

We remember Sir Walter Raleigh because he took after his half-brother’s journey to find the Northwest Passage. Between 1576 and 1586 he served Queen Elizabeth in Ireland. He also rose rapidly at Queen Elizabeth the 1st’s court. In 1586 he was given the right to colonize North America.

Sir Walter Raleigh died in London, England. Sir Walter Raleigh explored London, England and was from a village of Eastern Budleigh. Sir Walter Raleigh was a favorite of Queen Elizabeth. He was ruthless at the siege of Smerlick too.

He was established in a colony near Roanoke Island in present-day North America. He was also locked away in the Tower of London and eventually killed for treason. After fighting with French Huguenots he studied in Oxford he was accused of treason by King James 1st. he was the youngest of five sons born to Catherine Chanpermowne in two successful marriages. In 1572 he returned to Oriel College, Oxford.

Sir Walter Raleigh found the Northwest Passage this is why we remember him to this day.



Miley Murphy: meet Jacques Cartier the explorer

Jacques Cartier was born on December 31, 1491, in Saint-Malo Brittany which later became part of France. Jacques Cartier’s career in exploration began in 1524. He also accompanied the Italian-born French explorer, Giovanni da Verranzo.

We remember Jacques Cartier because he discovered Canada and Asia. In 1534 Jacques Cartier was commissioned king of France. On July 24, 1534, Jacques Cartier planted a cross with the words engraved, “Long Live the King of France”. Cartier also claimed the region of Asia for France and later kidnapped two sons of an Iroquois Chief.

Jacques Cartier and one hundred-twelve men (including the captured natives) left France for their return trip and sailed up the St. Lawrence River to the Iroquois capital of Stadacona. He reached location in Modern-time Montreal (then called Hochelaga) on October 2, 1535, rapids stopped him from continuing.

In 1535-1536, Jacques Cartier and the one hundred- twelve men were forced to spend the winter at Stadacona where the snow was four feet deep. In addition, the scurvy broke out on the members of Jacques Cartier’s crew, though most were saved by ingesting a Native American remedy using the boiling bark of a white spruce tree. In the May of 1536, after enduring a brutal winter, he returned to France.



Donnovan Perez: Meet Hernan Cortes the Explore

Herman Cortes was born in Medellin Spain in 1485 and died on December 2, 1547. Cortes sailed to a place that he never went to in 1504. When he was a little kid he always wanted to sail. When he was a kid he was a very nice kid.

Hernan Cortes was best known for conquering the Aztec Empire. We remember him because he sailed and told people where he went and nobody knew those places. We also remember him because he went on a lot of dangerous adventures.

He sailed to a place that no one ever heard of and that place was Hispaniola in a city of Santo Domingo. In 1518 Cortes joined Diego Velazquez and they went to Cuba. Cortes was a Spanish conquistador and explored who defeated the Aztec empire.

I know that he was born in Medellin Spain in the year 1485. Herman Cortes died on December 2, 1547. He always loved boats and started to sail and he also wanted to sail because he wanted to explore the world.



Anthony Ruocco: Meet Francisco Coronado

Francisco Coronado was born in 1510 at Salamanca, Spain. Francisco was the 2nd child in the family so he had to work for his money. The first child got the parents’ riches.

We like him because he found the Grand Canyon and he found a city full of Indians ready to fight. He fought with the Indians with his men and took over the city, found food and ate it, and happy they didn’t starve. He worked hard in the desert to explore and find things.

A priest lied to Francisco and told them there were golden cities in “The New World” aka America so he went to USA looking for gold cites. For four months he tried to look for golden cities but never found them. He went from Mexico to southwest United States.

In 1554 he got knocked off his horse and got a very bad concussion. He died 10 years after a concussion on September 22, 1554 he was 44 years old. 50 years after Francisco died they set out an expedition without hope for golden cities but to settle in the land of America.



Nathan Shuford: Meet Vasco de Balboa the Explorer

Vasco de Balboa was born in 1475 in Jerez de Los Caballeros. He was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. In 1500 he joined an expedition the expedition, led by Rodrigo de Bastidas, and was licensed to bring back treasure for the king and queen of Spain. The expedition sailed across the Caribbean from Panama and explored the northeast of South America before heading to Hispaniola. In 1505 Vasco Nunez de Balboa settled on Hispaniola. The ship, under the command of Martin Fernadez de Enciso, was bound for San Sebastian; however Vasco Nunez was discovered by de Enciso before they arrived.

Not long after, a small fleet of ships, led by Rodrigo Enrique de Colmenares, arrived in Santa Maria while looking for de Nicuesa.

Later in 1511 He became Governor.

Vasco de Balboa continued his conquest while exploring and searching for gold. On 1st September 1513 Vasco set off on his expedition to cross the Isthmus of Panama with less than 200 men. On 25th September 1513 Vasco de Balboa saw the Pacific Ocean from the summit of a mountain range. After a successful battle with Cacique Chiapas he arrived at the Pacific coast on 29th September 1513.He walked into the sea with a flag. He continued to plunder gold and pearls. Later in 1517 he married Maria de Penalosa shortly after Pedrarias gave Vasco permission to form an expedition to explore the South Sea.





Karen Uriostegui: Meet Juan Ponce De Leon the

Explorer

Juan Ponce De Leon was born in 1460 in Santervas, Spain. He was a fighter and an explorer from an early age. He got on board with Christopher Columbus’s second expedition to Americans.

Juan Ponce De Leon was bloodthirsty for gold. Juan went to search for the fountain of youth in Puerto Rico. Juan took two hundred men to explore the North. Juan never found the fountain of youth but people say legends that he found the fountain of youth.

He was known for exploring for the fountain of youth and exploring Florida. The fountain of youth is supposed to make you young again.

Juan decided to begin exploring the island of Puerto Rico. In 1508 Juan came back with the kings blessing and established the first Spanish settlement in Puerto Rico.

Juan went back to Florida in 1521 after landing they got attacked by the local natives and Juan got shot with a poisoned arrow.

He died a few days later after retreating to Havana, Cuba. His tomb is in San Juan Cathedral in Puerto Rico.



Lily Vega: Meet Sacagawea the Explorer

Sacagawea is my explorer. She was born in the Rocky Mountains of Idaho in 1788 but no one knows what month or date she was born in. we only know she was born at the time of the hunt bison and the time to gather food. Her dad was chief of the Shoshone tribe. What we remember of Sacagawea was that she was a great interpreter. She is also known for helping Lewis and Clark the helpers of President Thomas Jefferson in 1804 to explore Louisiana in the lands of the west.

While she was traveling she met a man from a tribe that was her brother from a child. She had a son and a daughter traveling on her back. I bet she often got tired of walking so she probably asked for help carrying them to her back or her knees would hurt. Her statue shows her holding her baby but it only shows her son Jean Baptiste.

I think she discovered how to make friends even with the enemies. She was a brave explorer and a great mother of two children.



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